1,000-Year-Old Stone Structure in Mexico May Depict Creation of Earth https://t.co/7RgWXprQeA
Located on the foothills of a volcano in the middle of a pond, the "Tetzacualco" (a name that can mean "stone enclosure") has been known to explorers since the 16th century. Since that time, both amateur explorers and professional archaeologists have investigated the structure, putting forth a variety of ideas as to what the structure was used for and when it was built. Made of numerous stones, it's about 37.7 x 32.2 feet (11.5 x 9.8 meters).
A new series of excavations, led by Iris del Rocío Hernández Bautista, an archaeologist with Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History, or Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), aims to be the most intensive investigation of the Tetzacualco ever conducted. [The 25 Most Mysterious Archaeological Finds on Earth]
In preliminary findings, Hernández Bautista's team announced in a statement that at the site, they discovered pottery and stone artifacts that date back over 1,000 years. The team also found evidence that ancient Mesoamericans tried to irrigate the pond where the Tetzacualco resides, making sure it never ran out of water, even when there was little rain.
Given what the archaeologists have found so far, Hernández Bautista hypothesizes that the Tetzacualco's large size and location in the middle of a pond mean that the structure is an attempt to represent a mythical creature known as Cipactli or Çipaqli, a fish monster from which the gods created the Earth, according to some ancient Mesoamerican legends.